Borobudur temple is an Indonesian social legacy that is notable all through the world.
This building is the biggest Buddhist sanctuary on the planet.
And its enactment as one of the world’s social legacies by UNESCO.
Its brilliant shape and novel structural subtleties make everybody need to visit Borobudur who falls in love with the story.
Borobudur took the world’s consideration since HC Cornelius found its area after getting commands from Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles in 1814.
Hotman is one of the Dutch government officials in power at that time.
He continued the work of excavating the location which was estimated to be a large monument.
Archaeologists then compete to find out the origin of that the world’s largest Buddhist temple
The History of Borobudur
Borobudur Temple is believably to be a remnant of the Sailendra dynasty during the rule of King Samaratungga of the Ancient Mataram Kingdom and was finished in the eigth century.
There are countless secrets of the Borobudur sanctuary that remain mysterious until today
What is the genuine name of the first Borobudur sanctuary, there are no epigraphs or books that are true with a sureness about the development of Borobudur.
Some say the name comes from the samara name budhara, and it implies a mountain whose slopes are like terraces
Some say that Borobudur comes from the phrase of the buddhas who have change.
The only script that reveals Borobudur for the first time interestingly is Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles in his book that has titled the History of the island of Java.
History specialists gauge that Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles called Borobudur from the words Bore and Budur.
Bore means the village that lies near the location where the Borobudur temple discovered.
While Budur means ancient. So the meaning of Borobudur is ancient village.
Borobudur temple construction
The Borobudur temple had built around 750 AD
By the Syailendra Kingdom which at that time was Buddhist.
The development is extremely baffling in light of the fact that people in the seventh century didn’t know high engineering computations.
As of recently, nobody has had any idea to make sense of how the development and history of this Borobudur sanctuary have been.
The Structure of Borobudur
The Borobudur temple structure has three levels:
- A pyramidal base with five concentric square porches
- and a conical trunk with three circular platforms
- And, at the top, a monumental stupa
The wonders of the Borobudur temple
Borobudur has 72 stupas. the biggest stupa lies at the highest point of the sanctuary.
While the others encompass the stupa to the base
When researchers drew the floor plan of the Borobudur sanctuary, they tracked down odd examples that lead to the utility of Borobudur as a sundial.
The hour hand is a shadow of a large stupa and falls right on the stupa downstairs.
Yet it is not known exactly how the determination of time is made using the Borobudur temple as a sundial.
Some say the clock on the Borobudur sanctuary gives an indication of when the time has come to plant or harvest.
The spiritual level of Buddha in Borobudur Temple.
The first level is Kamadhatu, that is, Kama or lower desires still rule the world.
This section is in an area that is mostly covered by piles of stones made to strengthen the construction.
The second level is Rupadhatu, that is, the world has been able to free itself from lust but is still bound by form and form.
The area is the 4 shoulders of the terrace on the walls decorated with gallery reliefs.
There are 1,400 relief images on the square-shaped floor in the 4 aisles.
The total length of the relief is 2.5 kilometers with 1,212 decorative panels.
The third level is Arupadatu which symbolizes the absence of a perfect form.
In this area a circular floor plan which symbolizes that humans have been free from all desires from the bonds of form and appearance but have not yet attained Nirvana.
The Controversy of an ancient lake
The mystery of the existence of an ancient lake arose when a Dutch artist proposed a theory that once the plain of the building where Borobudur stood was a lake.
When viewed from above Borobudur symbolizes a lotus flower, lotus usually grows on water.
Buddha’s posture at the top of Borobudur symbolizes the lotus silk which is often found in Buddhist texts.
This theory raises quite a strange contradiction.
Archaeologists have found archaeological evidence that proves that the area around Borobudur during the construction of the temple was a dry plain, not an ancient lake bottom.
While geologists even support this Dutch artist. They found sediment of mud art near the temple.
This research was carried out in 2000 and supports the existence of an ancient lake around Borobudur.
The evidence shows that the bottom of the hill near Borobudur was once again submerged and became the shores of the lake around the 13th and 14th centuries.
So, guys, that is the short brief about the history of Borobudur and now I will give you some information about the route and how much it cost for a ticket.
The route and entrance fee
The best route to Borobudur Temple is from the city of Yogyakarta.
So wherever you are, if you want to visit Borobudur Temple, you should go to Yogyakarta first.
Besides you can enjoy the beauty of the city of Yogyakarta, there are many modes of transportation available.
You can rent a motorbike or car and then go to Borobudur temple.
The distance from Yogyakarta to borobudur temple is about 1.5 hours.
You can also use public transportation, but the travel time will be longer if there is a traffick jump.
The cost of a public bus, ticket for local tourists is IDR 15,000 and IDR 30,000 for foreign tourists.
If you rent a motorbike it costs around IDR 80,000/day.
And if renting a car+driver+fuel the price is around IDR 500,000.
For entrance tickets to Borobudur Temple, the price for local tourists is RP 50,000 (adults) and Rp. 25,000 (children)
And foreign tourists the ticket price is IDR 350,000/$25 (adults) and IDR 250,000/ $18(children).
Currently, Borobudur Temple has been opened to the public, although it has not yet reached the top temple.
If you are a temple lover then you should return from Borobudur to Yogyakarta because around Yogyakarta there are many beautiful temples that are also relics of the past Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms.
Ok guys,enjoy your time and welcome to Borobudur!!